Skin cancer is an increasingly common condition and is partly credited to increased exposure to ultraviolet. Increased exposure is mainly due to the recent popularity of sun tanning or sunbathing. Lighter-skinned individuals are more vulnerable to this disease.
There are many sorts of carcinoma , but the most common types are:
Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)
These are the foremost common sorts of skin cancer; it can cause disfiguring and is extremely destructive. There is a greater risk for people who have a case history of the disease and people with cumulative exposure to UV light through sunlight, or within the past have been exposed to chemicals especially arsenic. Most basal cell carcinoma can be removed surgically by dermasurgeons.
A common method of surgery is electrodesiccation and curettage (ED&C) where the tumor is scraped out with a curette and cauterizing the base and the margins and the wound is left to heal by itself. The cure rate and cosmetic results for this treatment are superb, especially with concave areas. Other treatment for these sorts of carcinoma includes topical chemotherapy, x-ray, cryosurgery, photodynamic therapy, or topical immune enhancement drugs like imiquimod. This type of skin cancer is rarely life-threatening but if left untreated can cause disfiguring, bleeding, and produce local destruction in some parts such as the eye, ear, nose, and lip.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC)
These sorts of carcinoma are a malignant neoplasm of the epithelium that shows epithelial cell differentiation. It is a sort of cancer of the carcinoma type which will occur in many various organs including the skin, the mouth, esophagus, lungs, and cervix. Squamous cell carcinoma is typically developed within the epithelial layer of the skin and sometimes various mucous membranes of the body. These types of cancer can be seen in the skin, lips, inside the mouth, throat, and esophagus, and is characterized by red scaly skin that becomes an open sore. Smoking may be a significant risk factor for this disease. Other risk factors include sun exposure, radiotherapy, exposure to carcinogens, chronic skin irritation or inflammation, genetics diseases, and the presence of premalignant lesions. To diagnose this disease, a biopsy is completed where a sample is taken and examined under a microscope, and if found to be cancerous, surgery is completed to get rid of it.
These sorts of carcinoma are the foremost lethal sort of carcinoma. Melanoma is a malignant tumor of melanocytes. Melanocytes predominantly occur within the skin but also can be found elsewhere, especially within the eye. The large majority of melanomas originate in the skin. As with most sorts of cancer, early detection of the disease gives a patient a way better chance of survival. It has been found in studies that exposure to ultraviolet radiation is one of the major contributors to the development of melanoma. Other factors are mutations in or total loss of tumor suppressor genes. The use of sunbeds (with deeply penetrating UVA rays) has been linked to the event of skin cancers, including melanoma. A case history of melanoma greatly increases an individual’s risk. Any mole that’s irregular in color or shape should be examined by a doctor to work out if it’s a melanoma, the foremost serious and life-threatening form of skin cancer. The diagnosis of melanoma requires experience, as early stages may look just like harmless moles or not have any color in the least. Treatment of this sort of carcinoma includes surgery, medication or chemotherapy, radiation, and other therapies.
All of those sorts of carcinoma are the foremost common and will not be taken lightly. When there is doubt of having the signs or symptoms of cancer, seeing the doctor is advised for proper diagnosis and treatment if ever confirmed, this will give the patient a greater chance of survival.